If you have itchy bumps or dry red patches, most likely you have the skin rash known as eczema. Eczema is due to inflammation of the skin. When eczema is severe or present for a long time, there may be blistering, cracked and thickened skin, making the skin at risk of infection. While eczema is the popular name, the medical term is dermatitis.
Causes of dermatitis include heredity, irritation, allergy, and excessive dryness. Dryness may also exacerbate all forms of dermatitis. Some of the more common forms of dermatitis are listed below.
Treatment of dermatitis will depend on the type of dermatitis, duration and severity. Determining and removing the underlying cause of your eczema is essential. Rehydrating the skin with moisturizers is usually recommended. Prescription medications may include topical or non-steroidal creams or ointments, antibiotics if the skin is infected, and oral antihistamines to reduce itching and scratching.
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